Updated Bubble Sort in x86 ASM

So, after another week of studying assembly, I went back and rewrote my bubble sort algorithm.  I’m feeling a lot better about this implementation.  I’m sure it could could be even better, but I’m pretty pleased with it this time.

Here is the code:


; Author J. Logiodice
; Date: 05/28/2016
; Purpose: Bubble SOrt
; This method will read in a series of TOTAL_NUMS numbers
; And bubble sort them, then print them out in sorted order to the screen
format PE console
entry start

include ‘win32a.inc’

TOTAL_NUMS = 10 ;10

section ‘.bss’ data readable writeable

array_numbers dd TOTAL_NUMS dup (?)
nMinus1Mem dd ?
boolSwapped db ?

section ‘.text’ code readable executable


; Set up the loop variables
mov ecx, dword TOTAL_NUMS
mov esi, dword TOTAL_NUMS ;ecx
; +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
; Read in one number at a time, for TOTAL_NUMS numbers, store them in the bytes that
; start with array_numbers
; +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


; have to use esi because read_hex uses edi
dec esi

; read input into eax but first clear out eax
xor eax, eax
call read_hex

; move value into memory offset (reverse order)
mov dword [array_numbers + esi * 4], eax

loop loopRead

; +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
; loop iteratively over the array until no more swapping occurs,
; and the highest number ends up in the lowest part of the array (lowest to highest)
; start with array_numbers
; +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
; Set back up the loop variables

mov ecx, dword TOTAL_NUMS – 1
; set the swapped variable to false
mov [boolSwapped], byte 0 ;dword 0

lea esi, [array_numbers]


; jump to the loop exit if ecx is 0
; this will occur if we are at the end of the counter, or if the
; initial array was of size 0 bytes
jecxz loopExit
; load the first number in array_numbers into eax
; after lodsd, edi is pointing to edi – dword
; if we compare the value at edi at this point it is effectively the value below eax
; compare eax to the number below it in the array
cmp eax, [esi] ;, eax
; if [esi] > eax, then no ZF or CF set, so jump below or equal
jbe noSwap
; if here then eax is lower, swap eax and the higher number in memory
mov ebx, dword [esi]
mov [esi], dword eax
mov dword [esi-4], ebx

; if a swap occured, set boolSwapped = 1

mov [boolSwapped], 1b
; jump here if no swapping needs to occur, but we’re still in the loop
loop loopSort


; if boolSwapped isn’t false, then we’ve swapped at least one
; during the iteration, let’s go through it one more time to make sure
; that we don’t have any more to swap
cmp [boolSwapped], 1b
jae restartLoop
; +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
; Print each number back out to the screen for unmodified numbers
; we will loop from the lowest to highest part of the array – which is the largest to smallest number
; +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

mov ecx, TOTAL_NUMS
lea esi, [array_numbers]


jecxz loopExit
call print_eax

loop loopPrint
push 0
call [ExitProcess]
include ‘training.inc’

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